Dutch scientists have successfully and reliably teleported quantum data for the very first time in a teleporting experiment. With this, scientists have come a step closer to the possibility of teleportation of bigger objects sometime in future. Their research has been published in the Science journal.
Scientists are on the verge of disproving Albert Einstein’s belief that the quantum mechanics phenomenon was “spooky action at a distance”, He disbelieved in the theory of quantum entanglement that says particles can remain somehow connected or “entangled” to each other even when they are separated by large distances.
Scientists at the Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands have been able to teleport information reliably between two quantum bits separated by about 10 feet. Although “Star Trek” type teleporting is still a long way off, this is at least a beginning.
According to a report in The New York Times, Quantum teleportation involves transferring quantum information or the spin state of an electron from one place to another without moving it physically. Basic units of information in computing are ‘classical bits’ that can have value of either 0 or 1 only. However, ‘quantum bits’, also known as ‘qubits’ can have many values simultaneously. This could mean that computers in future could be much faster and the communication networks would also be much more secure than what they are today.
Scientists at Delft University produced qubits by using electrons trapped in diamond ‘miniprisons’ at extremely low temperatures. The three particles – two electrons and a nitrogen atom were excited by using lasers by which the particles became entangled with each other. Then they put a spin on the electrons in the qubits of data and teleported the data to about 10 feet. The scientists were successful in teleporting the data accurately 100% of the time.
The effects of this achievement could be far reaching. The researchers have achieved 100% accurate teleportation of quantum data over short distances and are now attempting to conduct the experiment over a distance of more than one kilometer.
“There is a big race going on between five or six groups to prove Einstein wrong,” said Ronald Hanson, a leading physicist at the research at Delft University to The New York Times, “There is one very big fish.”