Google has applied for the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on the permissions to conduct tests in several locations in California across different spectrums which includes a rarely-used millimetre frequency capable of transmitting large amounts of data. If all goes well, the first testing will be starting on Nov.13 which includes three sites in San Fransisco Bay Area, including one in San Mateo County as well as two locations a half-mile apart from what is appear to be Google’s Mountain View, California campus.
The testing will be done by using radio transmitters operating in 5.8 GHz frequency, 24.2GHz frequency and the millimetre wave bands of 71-76GHz and 81-86GHz. Millimetre wave frequency works best over short distances such as a few city blocks and it requires direct line-of-sight connection to a receiver. However, if multiple such devices placed next to each other, possibly in a higher ground, it can be an alternative to the underground fibre cables used for transmitting data throughout the city which is used currently. It could also be used to deliver Internet access directly to residences.
Google will not be transmitting data over the networks during the testing period. Instead Google just wanting to test how the signals travel over distances and in different terrains by sending pings between locations.
If this testing is successful, Google is getting ahead of the competition on providing internet services directly into homes, beating Verizon, AT&T, Comcast and other cable and broadband internet service providers (ISP). It could be potentially offer a quicker and cheaper way to deliver a high speed internet service.